Language in Poland

The main language spoken in Poland is polish. The official language is polish which is a Lechitic language spoken by native speakers in Poland as well as abroad. Poland is the most linguistically homogeneous European Country, nearly 97% of Poland's citizens declare polish as their mother tongue. Elsewhere, ethnic poles constitute large minorities in Lithuania, Belarus and Ukraine. Polish is the most widely used minority language in Lithuania's Vilnius Country and is found elsewhere in southeastern Lithuania. There are also significant number of polish speakers among polish emigrants and their descendants in many other countries, including Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, the Czech Republic, Croatia, Denmark, the Germany, French, Hungary, Latvia, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Russia, Slovakia, South Africa, Sweden, Spain, Turkey, The UAE, The UK, the United States and Uruguay. In United States the polish Americans no more than 11 million but most of them cannot speak polish fluently. According to the united states 2000 census, 66,414 Americans of age five years and over reported polish are the language spoken at home, which is about 1.4% of people who speak languages other than English, 0.25% of the US population, and 6% of the polish-American population. The geographical distribution of the polish language was greatly affected by the border changes and population transfers that followed World War II. According to the 2011 census there are now over 500,000 people in England and Wales who consider polish to be their " main" language

The polish language became far more homogeneous in the second half of the 20th century, in part due to the mass migration of several million polish citizens from the eastern to the western part of the country after the soviet annexation of the Kresy in 1939, and the acquisition of former German territory after World War II. The inhabitants of different regions of Poland still speak "standard" polish somewhat differently, although the differences between regional dialects appear slight. First-language speakers of polish have no trouble understanding each other, and non-native speakers may have difficulty distinguishing region all variations. Literary polish is based on the dialects of Gniezno, Cracow and Warsaw, through there is some dispute about this. The native name for polish is Polski(Polish), jezyk polski( the polish language) or more formally, polszczyzna(polish).

State certificate examinations in Polish

People learning the Polish language, can pass the cerificate exam. In this way they can obtain a certificate confirming their proficiency. Exams are held at least 3 times a year (spring, summer and autumn) at levels B1, B2 and C2 and are carried out by the State Commission for the Certification of Proficiency in Polish as a Foreign Language. All foreigners and Polish citizens permanently residing abroad may take the examination regardless if, where, how and how long they have prepared for the examination. Graduates of second-cycle studies in Polish philology completed in Poland are exempted from the certificate examination. The exemption is tantamount to the certification of proficiency in Polish on an advanced level.